10 Foods that GERD patients should avoid

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing symptoms such as heartburn, regurgitation, and discomfort. For individuals with GERD, certain foods can trigger or worsen symptoms.

While triggers can vary from person to person, here are some common foods and beverages that GERD patients may want to avoid or limit:

  1. Spicy Foods:

Spices such as chili powder, black pepper, and hot peppers can irritate the esophagus and worsen GERD symptoms. It’s best to avoid or reduce the consumption of spicy foods if you have GERD.

  1. Citrus Fruits:

Citrus fruits and juices, such as oranges, grapefruits, lemons, and limes, are highly acidic and can trigger heartburn and reflux. Opt for lower-acid alternatives like melons and bananas instead.

  1. Tomatoes and Tomato-based Products:

Tomatoes are naturally acidic, and tomato-based products like sauces, ketchup, and salsa can exacerbate GERD symptoms. Consider using alternative sauces or opting for low-acid tomato products if you find them necessary.

  1. Fried and Fatty Foods:

High-fat and fried foods can relax the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), allowing stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus. Avoid deep-fried foods, fatty cuts of meat, greasy snacks, and rich desserts.

  1. Carbonated Beverages:

Carbonated beverages, including soda and sparkling water, can increase pressure in the stomach, leading to reflux symptoms. Opt for still water or non-carbonated herbal teas as alternatives.

  1. Coffee and Caffeinated Beverages:

Coffee and other caffeinated beverages can stimulate acid production and relax the LES, promoting acid reflux. If you enjoy a warm beverage, consider switching to decaffeinated coffee or herbal teas.

  1. Chocolate:

Chocolate contains a compound called theobromine, which can relax the LES and contribute to reflux symptoms. Dark chocolate may have a lower theobromine content compared to milk chocolate, but it’s still advisable to consume it in moderation or avoid it altogether.

  1. Peppermint and Spearmint:

While mint is often associated with soothing digestive symptoms, it can actually relax the LES and worsen GERD symptoms for some individuals. Avoid peppermint or spearmint teas and candies if they trigger your symptoms.

  1. Onions and Garlic:

Onions and garlic can cause heartburn and reflux in some people. If you find them problematic, consider using alternative seasonings like herbs or spices that don’t trigger your symptoms.

  1. Alcohol:

Alcoholic beverages can relax the LES and increase acid production. It’s best to limit or avoid alcohol altogether if you have GERD. If you choose to drink, do so in moderation and be mindful of your body’s response.


GERD triggers can vary from person to person, so it’s important to pay attention to your body’s individual reactions. Keeping a food diary and noting your symptoms can help you identify specific triggers and make appropriate dietary adjustments. It’s also advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian who can provide personalized guidance based on your specific condition and needs. You can also take GERD medications to ease your symptoms. To buy GERD medicines and other medicines like Zatofen Syrup and Kestine tablet you can visit oladoc.

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