Caste Certificate: What It Means, How to Apply, and the Documents Needed

A caste certificate is a formal document that certifies a person’s membership in a specific caste within society. People who are members of the castes and tribes listed in the Indian Constitution’s Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes or Other Backward Classes frequently receive caste certifications.

Why Is a Certificate of Caste Required?

Special rights are made available to people who belong to the aforementioned classes (SC/ ST and OBC) through the Indian System of Protective Discrimination. Reservation of seats in government offices, legislatures, and entrance to various institutions, particularly educational institutions, are all included in these privileges. People who belong to the aforementioned groups must present a document called the Caste Certificate at the time of enrollment, registration, etc. Caste certifications in India are often obtained by going to the relevant government agency. The document can now be obtained online thanks to advancements in technology.

What Situations Require a Caste Certificate?

As previously mentioned, those who fall under the Indian Constitution’s Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribes, or Other Backward Classes are given caste certifications. The Caste certification offers equal opportunity to support socially disadvantaged groups. These consist of:

  • Admission to colleges and universities
  • Competitive tests (such NEET, JEE, UPSC, etc.)
  • Scholarships
  • Workplace Opportunities
  • Governmental Initiatives
  • Concessions
  • Subsidies

A list of the paperwork needed for a caste certificate

The list of paperwork needed for caste certificate applications is shown below. Please make sure to have scanned copies (pdf or jpeg) of the following documents available for your online application. Make sure the photocopies of these documents are attested for offline applications (either by self or relevant authority).

ID Verification

  • Driving licence,
  • Voter ID,
  • PAN card
  • Passport
  • NREGA Card
  • RSBY Card

When granting the caste certificate, what considerations are taken into account?

The certifying organisation will verify and attest to the following:

The caste certificate or tribe certificate that a person claims to belong to is also included, in accordance with Presidential Orders periodically issued under Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution:

The candidate dwells regularly in the concerned state or a region within those states; the candidate belongs to the specified caste or tribe, etc.

Issuance of the certificate for those who have moved from one state to another In Ministry of Home Affairs letters dated 18.11.1982 and the 06.08.1984, it was made clear to all state governments and the UT administrators that it was not possible for members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes who had moved from one state or union territory to another to obtain the caste certificate from the state or UT to which they had migrated.

Registration news for the Labour Shramik Card: In order to improve the welfare of the nation’s millions of unorganised workers, the Center launched a nationwide database. These employees are currently waiting in line to register on the e-shram website, The government has said that no current verification of date of birth or proof of income is required.

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