The Basics of Child Development

All children grow and develop at a unique rate, but there are certain milestones that most reach by certain ages. It can be helpful to understand the basics of child development in order to have reasonable expectations for your own child. With an understanding of the typical stages kids go through, parents can provide support and guidance during each stage.

Physical Development

Physical development is one of the most obvious aspects of a child’s growth. This includes gross motor skills like standing, walking, running and jumping; as well as fine motor skills like drawing and writing. Kids typically begin to walk around their first birthday, but this can vary greatly from one child to another. Some kids may start walking earlier than this while others may take more time.

Cognitive Development

Cognitive development refers to how a child learns and processes information from their environment. This includes problem-solving, memory, and thinking skills. As children get older they are able to think more abstractly about concepts and relationships which helps them ask questions about the world around them. At school age, cognitive development focuses on reading comprehension, math skills, critical thinking and scientific inquiry.

Social/Emotional Development

Social/emotional development is often overlooked but it’s just as important as physical or cognitive development. This includes learning how to interact with other people in socially appropriate ways such as sharing toys or taking turns speaking in conversations. It also involves developing a sense of self-awareness and self-esteem which can help kids form positive relationships with their peers and adults throughout life. Social/emotional development also includes developing empathy for others which is essential when it comes to forming strong bonds with other people in both personal and professional settings.


Child development is an ever-evolving process that happens at its own pace for each individual child. While there are some general milestones that all children should reach by certain ages, it is important to remember that every kid is different and will progress differently from their peers based on their own specific needs and experiences in life. By understanding the basics of child development you can better provide support for your little one during each stage they go through!

If you’re looking for a daycare center that understands the unique needs of your child and can support their development, contact Simply Smart Child Care today! Our trained professionals provide a nurturing environment where your child can learn and grow at their own pace. Don’t hesitate to reach out and schedule a tour of our facility in Oakville.

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